Gum Disease and Periodontal Treatment

Regular professional cleans here at Ashgrove West Dental can help ensure your teeth and gums remain healthy


Gum disease can pose as a threat to the health of your teeth, and has also been linked to a number of other health problems. Gum disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is the milder form of the two, and is caused by a build up or plaque and tartar. Bacteria then causes inflammation of the gums, resulting in red, sore, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can be reversed by daily brushing and flossing, along with regular dental check-ups. 


Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is left untreated, resulting in inflammation around the tooth. This causes the gums to "pull away" from the teeth, causing pockets that become susceptible to infection. During this process, bacterial toxins and the enzymes produced from the immune system can cause a break down of the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. Teeth can eventually become loose and may need to be removed. 

Risk factors for gum disease can include: smoking, diabetes, hormonal changes in women, stress, illnesses, medications, and genetic susceptibility. Ways that gum disease can be prevented includes: brushing teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, eating a well balanced diet, not using tobacco products, and routine visits to a dentist. 

Dental instruments

Periodontal Treatment

At Ashgrove West Dental, we can provide a deep cleaning treatment to remove as much tartar and plaque as possible above the gum line. In some cases, where the tartar is below the gum line, we often refer patients to a specialist, called a periodontist. These specialists can clean below the gum lines and can get rid of rough spots on the tooth root to remove the bacteria. 

Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.